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First Period Worcester

18th Century Worcester Porcelain. A very abridged and then trimmed and potted history of Worcester porcelain. This humble attempt is no more than the briefest of guides to give the observer some context to accompany the images below.

Lunds Bristol. The forerunner of the Worcester factory was the very short-lived manufactory of Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs in Bristol that was in operation between 1749-1751. In Early 1752 the Bristol factory was merged with the newly established Worcester Tonquin factory founded in June 1751. Benjamin Lund transferred all his stock, moulds and working materials and worked as a consultant with the new enterprise for at least a year. It is believed that Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs produced ‘painted blue’ and ‘undecorated’ pieces. Polychrome decoration was undertaken at the new Worcester factory. Some early Worcester porcelain shapes were “heavily influenced” by oriental forms but most derived from contemporary English silver and the contemporary rococo wares.

Early Chinese Decoration 1750-1755. The early decorative influences were mostly Chinese, capturing the spirit of chinoiserie, Chinese scenes, Chinese figures, strutting birds, miniature islands, drifts of flowers and foliage. The decoration being heavily influenced by the fantasy  chinioserie of French rococo artist Francois Boucher and “Fleurs de Fantasie” of Jean Pillement and his landscapes

Early Japanese Decoration 1750-1755. Japanese porcelain began to arrive in Britain around 1680. Ceramic designs imported by the Dutch East India Company from Arita , known as “Kakiemon” influenced the porcelain decorators at Worcester. Asymmetric designs with flowering peonies, bamboo and pines trees, prunus blossom and flying birds were created. Other Japanese styles were also emulated to a lesser degree.

Early European Decoration 1755-1765. The influence and impact on the Worcester factory by Meissen cannot be understated. The Meissen style flower painting came to the fore. Some patterns and colour grounds were directly copied from Meissen originals.  Other decorative styles in this period include pencilled figures and miniature scenes of European figures in landscapes.  Birds in landscapes and intricate flower displays were often associated with the artist James Rogers. Factory marks were infrequently used on polychrome wares during this period and identification is based upon an understanding of the paste and glaze and recognition of distinctive Worcester shapes

The first period 1765-1776. Some of the most successful, finest and celebrated styles of decoration were produced during this period. Rich Japan patterns, Hop Trellis patterns (as many as twelve variants), colourful Chinese figurative patterns, exotic birds and insects, monochrome (both floral and figurative), colourful floral displays, landscapes, decoration with royal blue borders, turquoise cailloute and dry blue. The coloured grounds were mostly inspired by Meissen and Sevres, examples include blue scale, wet blue or gros bleu, powder blue, mazarine blue, bleu celeste, sea-green, purple scale, yellow, yellow scale, claret, apple green and pink scale

James Giles and Externally Decorated Worcester Porcelain. The capital was at a disadvantage to other regions with regards to porcelain manufacture. Clay and coal to fire kilns had to be brought from long distances. Isleworth, Vauxhall, Limehouse, Bow and sadly even the great Chelsea factory were to fail or close or relocate. London did however play a very significant role in the development of decoration on English porcelain. It was fashionable, a huge population centre and it traded with the world. This created wealth, something on which the greatest craftsman and artisans in jewellery, furniture, clothing, art and porcelain decoration had to predicate.

The names of Richard Horwood, Taylor and Abbot, JH O’Neale and others have for the most part been forgotten. That of James Giles has not. Giles was responsible for the more ambitious and prestigious forms of polychrome decoration including the majority of the coloured grounds and his cisele gilding is of the finest quality.

Pencil and transfer decoration – 1756-1765. The technique of pencil decoration derived from Chinese porcelain and was very much in fashion during the period specified. The artist achieved the effect by using a very fine brush of one colour , usually black. A few standard patterns were used – Chinese landscapes, Chinese figures holding parasols, Chinese figures and pavilions, Chinese boy on a buffalo, flowers, butterflies and foliage some of the patterns with intricate borders.

Transfer printing over glaze  from 1753-4. The technique was first deployed with enamels by John Brooks in Birmingham, before he went to Battersea in 1753,. The earliest Worcester examples date from 1753-1754 associated with the designer L P Boitard and several prints bear his signature, known as ‘smokey primitives’.  The engraver Robert Hancock was the major proponent of the technique he became a full partner in the factory from 1772 until disputes  with other partners lead to his departure in 1774.  Much of Hancock’s  inspiration came from Francois Boucher, Jean-Antoine Watteau, Jean Pillement and Nicolas Lancret – some prints occur in “jet enamel” a fine strong black colour but other colours include reddish-brown and dark lilac

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Worcester The Arcade Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1765-70

Worcester The Arcade Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1765-70

Blue and white worcester porcelain for collectors and investors

£825.00

First Period Worcester Porcelain Blue Scale Leaf Dish c1775

First Period Worcester Porcelain Blue Scale Leaf Dish c1775

A Worcester porcelain leaf dish in good condition for collectors

£265.00

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Teapot Stand c1770

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Teapot Stand c1770

A first period Worcester scale blue fluted porcelain teapot stand c1770

£225.00

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Lozenge Dessert Dish c1770

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Lozenge Dessert Dish c1770

Worcester oval dessert dish decorated in blue scale for collectors, a must have piece of worcester

£285.00

Worcester Dry Blue Sparrow Beak Cream Jug and Cover c1770

Worcester Dry Blue Sparrow Beak Cream Jug and Cover c1770

First Period Worcester Porcelain sparrow beak jug and cover one of many pieces of 18th century English porcelain for the inspired collector

£370.00

Rare Worcester Porcelain Fisherman In A Fan Shaped Panel Cream Jug  c1765

Rare Worcester Porcelain Fisherman In A Fan Shaped Panel Cream Jug c1765

First Period Worcester Porcelain sparrow beak jug, one of many pieces of 18th century English porcelain for the inspired collector

£975.00

First Period Worcester Blue & White Pickle Dishes c1765

First Period Worcester Blue & White Pickle Dishes c1765

Worcester blue and white porcelain for collectors

£180.00

Worcester Porcelain Scalloped Tea Bowl And Saucer c1775

Worcester Porcelain Scalloped Tea Bowl And Saucer c1775

Delicately decorated, this compliments the form. See more worcester porcelain at the online antique store

£210.00

Worcester Coffee cup and Saucer c1785 - Ex Zorensky

Worcester Coffee cup and Saucer c1785 - Ex Zorensky

The style reflects the neo-classical tastes of the 1780s and the fluting has been influenced by the cannelé style from Sèvres. The high quality of the gilding means that these pieces are likely to have been expensive when they were manufactured. These pie

£350.00

Worcester Porcelain Comagnie Des Indes Trio c1770

Worcester Porcelain Comagnie Des Indes Trio c1770

see more first period wiorceter at the antique shop online

£495.00

Worcester Hop Trellis Pattern Sucrier c1775

Worcester Hop Trellis Pattern Sucrier c1775

A fine first period Worcester porcelain sucrier and cover in the hop trellis pattern

£550.00

Yelllow Ground Worcester Pierced Porcelain Basket c1770

Yelllow Ground Worcester Pierced Porcelain Basket c1770

Central spray of flowers. Flowers painted at intersections of pierced sections. Moulded flowers at external intersections of pierced circles. Yellow grounds were not as widely deployed at Worcester as they were at meissen

£1,100.00

A Worcester Porcelain Pierced Basket c1770

A Worcester Porcelain Pierced Basket c1770

We do not know why yellow grounds are not more prevalent within the Worcester catalogue. Meissen used them far more extensively. Most Worcester examples are such baskets.

£900.00

Worcester Porcelain Tea Set c1765

Worcester Porcelain Tea Set c1765

A Worcester porcelain teaset including four teabowls and saucers, a teapot and slop bowlThis is a marriage and a happy one.

£695.00

Worcester Porcelain Mandarin Pattern Coffee Cup c1775

Worcester Porcelain Mandarin Pattern Coffee Cup c1775

Antique Worcester porcelain coffee cup, decorated with a hand painted Mandarin pattern

£125.00

Worcester Porcelain  Teabowl and Saucer c1775

Worcester Porcelain Teabowl and Saucer c1775

First period Worcester porcelain teabowl and saucer From our online antique shop

£145.00

Worcester Porcelain Entwined Handle Teacup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Porcelain Entwined Handle Teacup and Saucer c1770

An Early Worcester porcelain teacup and saucer in a floral pattern from the Scottish online antique store

£225.00

Rare Worcester Finger Bowl & Stand c1760

Rare Worcester Finger Bowl & Stand c1760

A first period Worcester porcelain finger bowl and stand. It is rare to find them intact

£1,400.00

First period Worcester James Giles Fluted Porcelain Plate c1770

First period Worcester James Giles Fluted Porcelain Plate c1770

First period Worcester porcelain plate, painted at the atelier of James Giles. Wonderfully enameled, hand painted items have a certain charm unrivaled by machine prints of today

£275.00

Worcester Queens Pattern Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Queens Pattern Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

An antique Worcester tea cup and saucer from our online antiques store

£225.00

First period Worcester Three Flowers Pattern Toy Teabowl c1775

First period Worcester Three Flowers Pattern Toy Teabowl c1775

Antique porcelain teabowl. Worcester porcelain toy teabowl from the Scottish antique shop online

£195.00

Worcester Gold Queens Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1780

Worcester Gold Queens Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1780

Antique first period Worcester porcelain decorated in gold

£155.00

Rare Worcester Porcelain Spotted Fruit Dessert Plate With Caillouté Border c1780

Rare Worcester Porcelain Spotted Fruit Dessert Plate With Caillouté Border c1780

Worcester porcelain spotted fruit pattern plate with cailloute border

£190.00

Rare First Period Worcester Teabowl and Saucer c1770

Rare First Period Worcester Teabowl and Saucer c1770

First period Worcester porcelain teabowl and saucer From our online antique shop

£475.00

First Period Worcester Wet Blue Fancy Birds Dessert Plate c1770

First Period Worcester Wet Blue Fancy Birds Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester wet blue dessert plate hand decorated with fancy birds

£380.00

Very Rare First Period Worcester Yellow Scale Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

Very Rare First Period Worcester Yellow Scale Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

An antique Worcester porcelain tea cup and saucer, decorated with fancy birds on a rare yellow ground

£1,975.00

Worcester Porcelain Ribbed Sucrier and Cream Jug c1780

Worcester Porcelain Ribbed Sucrier and Cream Jug c1780

A First Period Worcester Sucrier and jug ffor sale at the Scottish antiques online store

£255.00

 Early Worcester Feather Moulded Jug c1758

Early Worcester Feather Moulded Jug c1758

First Period Worcester Porcelain jug, one of many pieces of 18th century English porcelain for the inspired collector

£625.00

First Period Worcester Porcelain Coffee Cup c1755

First Period Worcester Porcelain Coffee Cup c1755

First period ribbed Worcester coffee cup from our online antique shop

£575.00

A Gilded Worcester Porcelain Sucrier c1785

A Gilded Worcester Porcelain Sucrier c1785

Giles decorated English porcelain sucrier and cover online

£175.00

Worcester Porcelain Two Porter Landscape Pattern Creamboat c1770

Worcester Porcelain Two Porter Landscape Pattern Creamboat c1770

Antique porcelain Worcester creamboat available from our antiques shop online

£325.00

Worcester Blue Scale Chocolate Cup & Cover c1775

Worcester Blue Scale Chocolate Cup & Cover c1775

A Rare example of a first period Worcester porcelain chocolate cup and cover. One of many items in our worcester collection.

£425.00

Worcester Lilac Printed Obelisk Vase and Fisherman Pattern Coffee Cup c1770

Worcester Lilac Printed Obelisk Vase and Fisherman Pattern Coffee Cup c1770

Antique Worcester porcelain lilac printed coffee cup, one of many rare pieces in our collection

£155.00

Worcester Porcelain King of Prussia Mug dated 1757

Worcester Porcelain King of Prussia Mug dated 1757

First period Worcester black printed mug decorated in the King Of Prussia pattern engraved by Robert Hancock

£480.00

Worcester Compagnie des Indes Trio c1770

Worcester Compagnie des Indes Trio c1770

Worcester porcelain teabowl and saucer decorated in the pink compagnie des indes pattern c1770

£390.00

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