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First Period Worcester

18th Century Worcester Porcelain. A very abridged and then trimmed and potted history of Worcester porcelain. This humble attempt is no more than the briefest of guides to give the observer some context to accompany the images below.

Lunds Bristol. The forerunner of the Worcester factory was the very short-lived manufactory of Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs in Bristol that was in operation between 1749-1751. In Early 1752 the Bristol factory was merged with the newly established Worcester Tonquin factory founded in June 1751. Benjamin Lund transferred all his stock, moulds and working materials and worked as a consultant with the new enterprise for at least a year. It is believed that Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs produced ‘painted blue’ and ‘undecorated’ pieces. Polychrome decoration was undertaken at the new Worcester factory. Some early Worcester porcelain shapes were “heavily influenced” by oriental forms but most derived from contemporary English silver and the contemporary rococo wares.

Early Chinese Decoration 1750-1755. The early decorative influences were mostly Chinese, capturing the spirit of chinoiserie, Chinese scenes, Chinese figures, strutting birds, miniature islands, drifts of flowers and foliage. The decoration being heavily influenced by the fantasy  chinioserie of French rococo artist Francois Boucher and “Fleurs de Fantasie” of Jean Pillement and his landscapes

Early Japanese Decoration 1750-1755. Japanese porcelain began to arrive in Britain around 1680. Ceramic designs imported by the Dutch East India Company from Arita , known as “Kakiemon” influenced the porcelain decorators at Worcester. Asymmetric designs with flowering peonies, bamboo and pines trees, prunus blossom and flying birds were created. Other Japanese styles were also emulated to a lesser degree.

Early European Decoration 1755-1765. The influence and impact on the Worcester factory by Meissen cannot be understated. The Meissen style flower painting came to the fore. Some patterns and colour grounds were directly copied from Meissen originals.  Other decorative styles in this period include pencilled figures and miniature scenes of European figures in landscapes.  Birds in landscapes and intricate flower displays were often associated with the artist James Rogers. Factory marks were infrequently used on polychrome wares during this period and identification is based upon an understanding of the paste and glaze and recognition of distinctive Worcester shapes

The first period 1765-1776. Some of the most successful, finest and celebrated styles of decoration were produced during this period. Rich Japan patterns, Hop Trellis patterns (as many as twelve variants), colourful Chinese figurative patterns, exotic birds and insects, monochrome (both floral and figurative), colourful floral displays, landscapes, decoration with royal blue borders, turquoise cailloute and dry blue. The coloured grounds were mostly inspired by Meissen and Sevres, examples include blue scale, wet blue or gros bleu, powder blue, mazarine blue, bleu celeste, sea-green, purple scale, yellow, yellow scale, claret, apple green and pink scale

James Giles and Externally Decorated Worcester Porcelain. The capital was at a disadvantage to other regions with regards to porcelain manufacture. Clay and coal to fire kilns had to be brought from long distances. Isleworth, Vauxhall, Limehouse, Bow and sadly even the great Chelsea factory were to fail or close or relocate. London did however play a very significant role in the development of decoration on English porcelain. It was fashionable, a huge population centre and it traded with the world. This created wealth, something on which the greatest craftsman and artisans in jewellery, furniture, clothing, art and porcelain decoration had to predicate.

The names of Richard Horwood, Taylor and Abbot, JH O’Neale and others have for the most part been forgotten. That of James Giles has not. Giles was responsible for the more ambitious and prestigious forms of polychrome decoration including the majority of the coloured grounds and his cisele gilding is of the finest quality.

Pencil and transfer decoration – 1756-1765. The technique of pencil decoration derived from Chinese porcelain and was very much in fashion during the period specified. The artist achieved the effect by using a very fine brush of one colour , usually black. A few standard patterns were used – Chinese landscapes, Chinese figures holding parasols, Chinese figures and pavilions, Chinese boy on a buffalo, flowers, butterflies and foliage some of the patterns with intricate borders.

Transfer printing over glaze  from 1753-4. The technique was first deployed with enamels by John Brooks in Birmingham, before he went to Battersea in 1753,. The earliest Worcester examples date from 1753-1754 associated with the designer L P Boitard and several prints bear his signature, known as ‘smokey primitives’.  The engraver Robert Hancock was the major proponent of the technique he became a full partner in the factory from 1772 until disputes  with other partners lead to his departure in 1774.  Much of Hancock’s  inspiration came from Francois Boucher, Jean-Antoine Watteau, Jean Pillement and Nicolas Lancret – some prints occur in “jet enamel” a fine strong black colour but other colours include reddish-brown and dark lilac

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Rare Worcester Porcelain Saucer Dish With Caillouté Border c1780

Rare Worcester Porcelain Saucer Dish With Caillouté Border c1780

Worcester plate decorated in lapis blue and a cailloute border for collectors, a must have piece of worcester

£265.00

Worcester Shell Shape Dessert Dish c1770

Worcester Shell Shape Dessert Dish c1770

Antique porcelain Worcester shell dish from our online antiques shop

£140.00

Child Size Worcester Fence Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1775

Child Size Worcester Fence Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1775

Antique porcelain Child's size small fence pattern Worcester porcelain saucer

£75.00

Rare Fluted Worcester Two Quail Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1765

Rare Fluted Worcester Two Quail Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1765

Worcester rare Fluted polychrome two Quail pattern coffee cup and saucer c1765

£475.00

First Period Worcester Birds in Branches Pattern Tea Bowl & Saucer c1770

First Period Worcester Birds in Branches Pattern Tea Bowl & Saucer c1770

A fine example of a first period Worcester bowl, decorated with the birds in branches pattern. Worcester blue and white from Dr Wall.

£95.00

Beth First Period Worcester Blue & White Pickle Dish c1765

Beth First Period Worcester Blue & White Pickle Dish c1765

Worcester blue and white porcelain form our online collection

£125.00

RESERVED Charlotte- Worcester Porcelain Twig Handled Butter Tub and Cover C1770

RESERVED Charlotte- Worcester Porcelain Twig Handled Butter Tub and Cover C1770

A Delightful English soft paste porcelain butter tub from our antiques store online

£260.00

First Period Worcester Blue Ground Floral Pattern Porcelain Plate c1775

First Period Worcester Blue Ground Floral Pattern Porcelain Plate c1775

A First period Worcester porcelain plate, decorated with the blue ground floral pattern from our antique shop online

£125.00

James Giles Worcester Mandarin Pattern Mug c1775

James Giles Worcester Mandarin Pattern Mug c1775

A Delightful early English porcelain mug from our antiques store online

£525.00

Worcester Porcelain Hop Trellis Pattern Saucer Dish c1775

Worcester Porcelain Hop Trellis Pattern Saucer Dish c1775

Rare worcester porcelain saucer dish, one of many in our online antique store

£325.00

Very Rare Worcester Feather Mould Birds Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1760

Very Rare Worcester Feather Mould Birds Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1760

Very rare first period Worcester porcelain teabowl and saucer

£975.00

Worcester Porcelain Kidney Shaped Dish c1770

Worcester Porcelain Kidney Shaped Dish c1770

A very large antique Worcester porcelain kidney dish in good condition. Come and see more antique English porcelain at the Scottish online antique store

£260.00

Worcester Porcelain Giles Decorated Tea Plate c1768

Worcester Porcelain Giles Decorated Tea Plate c1768

Giles decorated English porcelain tea plate online

£60.00

Worcester Porcelain Plantation Print Pattern Small Mug c1765

Worcester Porcelain Plantation Print Pattern Small Mug c1765

Antique porcelain. Transfer printed Worcester small size mug from our online antiques store

£75.00

Worcester Porcelain Floral Pattern Dessert Plate c1760 Faux Chelsea Mark

Worcester Porcelain Floral Pattern Dessert Plate c1760 Faux Chelsea Mark

Worcester plate decorated with a Floral pattern, marked with a faux Chelsea red anchor mark

£250.00

First Period Worcester Fruit sprigs Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1770-80

First Period Worcester Fruit sprigs Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1770-80

18th century English porcelain, one of many items available from our collection. We also stock Bow, Lowestoft, Chelsea and other maunufactories.

£95.00

Worcester Lightning Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Lightning Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

An antique Worcester coffee cup and saucer, decorated with the Mosaic pattern.

£220.00

Rare First Period Worcester Valentine Pattern Tea Bowl & Saucer c1760

Rare First Period Worcester Valentine Pattern Tea Bowl & Saucer c1760

Rare First period Worcester porcelain tea bowl and saucer, decorated in the rare ‘Valentine’ pattern.

£480.00

Worcester Porcelain Classical Ruins Tea Bowl and Saucer c1770

Worcester Porcelain Classical Ruins Tea Bowl and Saucer c1770

Worcester tea bowl and saucer decorated with a Classical Ruins pattern

£130.00

First Period Worcester Imari Pattern Teapot and Cover c1765

First Period Worcester Imari Pattern Teapot and Cover c1765

Have a look at a wide range of antique and vintage glass and porcelain from the Scottish antiques online store

£125.00

Worcester Porcelain Floral Pattern Ribbed Sucrier and Cover c1775

Worcester Porcelain Floral Pattern Ribbed Sucrier and Cover c1775

A First Period Worcester Sucrier and cover from the Scottish antiques shop online

£165.00

First Period Worcester Porcelain Fence Pattern Butter Tub Stand  c1775

First Period Worcester Porcelain Fence Pattern Butter Tub Stand c1775

Antique worcester porcelain butter tub and stand from our online antique store

£70.00

First Period Worcester Pine cone Pattern Porcelain Plate c1775

First Period Worcester Pine cone Pattern Porcelain Plate c1775

Antique Worcester porcelain plate, decorated with the printed pinecone pattern.

£65.00

Antique Worcester Porcelain The Cracked Ice Ground Pattern Mug c1768

Antique Worcester Porcelain The Cracked Ice Ground Pattern Mug c1768

First period Worcester, English antique porcelain from the Scottish antique shop online

£450.00

First Period Worcester Three Ladies Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1770

First Period Worcester Three Ladies Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1770

Antique worcester porcelain decorated with the three ladies pattern from our online antiques store

£220.00

Worcester Porcelain Fruit sprigs Pattern Mug c1770

Worcester Porcelain Fruit sprigs Pattern Mug c1770

Antique porcelain. Transfer printed Worcester small size mug from our online antiques store

£195.00

First period Worcester Three Flowers Pattern Teacup c1775

First period Worcester Three Flowers Pattern Teacup c1775

Antique porcelain teacup. Worcester porcelain from the Scottish antique shop online

£55.00

Small Size Worcester Mask Spout Jug With Unrecorded Print c1765

Small Size Worcester Mask Spout Jug With Unrecorded Print c1765

Georgian English Worcester porcelain online

£130.00

Worcester Heavy Naturalistic Floral Pattern Porcelain Jug c1760

Worcester Heavy Naturalistic Floral Pattern Porcelain Jug c1760

Georgian English Worcester porcelain online

£90.00

Giles Decorated Worcester Scalloped Dessert Dish c1765

Giles Decorated Worcester Scalloped Dessert Dish c1765

A Giles decorated Worcester porcelain dish.

£695.00

A Rare Worcester Pixie Ear Handle Floral Pattern Coffee Cup c1765

A Rare Worcester Pixie Ear Handle Floral Pattern Coffee Cup c1765

A Dr Wall period Worcester porcelain coffee cup, with rare pixie ear handle.

£290.00

First period Worcester James Giles Fluted Porcelain Plate c1770

First period Worcester James Giles Fluted Porcelain Plate c1770

First period Worcester porcelain plate, painted at the atelier of James Giles. Wonderfully enameled, hand painted items have a certain charm unrivaled by machine prints of today

£330.00

First Period Worcester Mandarin Tall Table Pattern Teapot c1770

First Period Worcester Mandarin Tall Table Pattern Teapot c1770

A Worcester porcelain teapot and cover decorated with the chinese familly pattern, or the tall table pattern

£430.00

First Period Worcester Teapot Stand c1770

First Period Worcester Teapot Stand c1770

A first period Worcester fluted porcelain teapot stand decorated with polychrome floral sprays

£175.00

Worcester Scale Blue Floral Pattern Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Scale Blue Floral Pattern Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

An antique Worcester tea cup and saucer, decorated with a floral pattern on a scale blue ground

£245.00

First period Worcester Tea Cup and Saucer c1765-85

First period Worcester Tea Cup and Saucer c1765-85

An antique Worcester tea cup and saucer, decorated with fancy birds and insects, James Giles

£290.00

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