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First Period Worcester

18th Century Worcester Porcelain. A very abridged and then trimmed and potted history of Worcester porcelain. This humble attempt is no more than the briefest of guides to give the observer some context to accompany the images below.

Lunds Bristol. The forerunner of the Worcester factory was the very short-lived manufactory of Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs in Bristol that was in operation between 1749-1751. In Early 1752 the Bristol factory was merged with the newly established Worcester Tonquin factory founded in June 1751. Benjamin Lund transferred all his stock, moulds and working materials and worked as a consultant with the new enterprise for at least a year. It is believed that Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs produced ‘painted blue’ and ‘undecorated’ pieces. Polychrome decoration was undertaken at the new Worcester factory. Some early Worcester porcelain shapes were “heavily influenced” by oriental forms but most derived from contemporary English silver and the contemporary rococo wares.

Early Chinese Decoration 1750-1755. The early decorative influences were mostly Chinese, capturing the spirit of chinoiserie, Chinese scenes, Chinese figures, strutting birds, miniature islands, drifts of flowers and foliage. The decoration being heavily influenced by the fantasy  chinioserie of French rococo artist Francois Boucher and “Fleurs de Fantasie” of Jean Pillement and his landscapes

Early Japanese Decoration 1750-1755. Japanese porcelain began to arrive in Britain around 1680. Ceramic designs imported by the Dutch East India Company from Arita , known as “Kakiemon” influenced the porcelain decorators at Worcester. Asymmetric designs with flowering peonies, bamboo and pines trees, prunus blossom and flying birds were created. Other Japanese styles were also emulated to a lesser degree.

Early European Decoration 1755-1765. The influence and impact on the Worcester factory by Meissen cannot be understated. The Meissen style flower painting came to the fore. Some patterns and colour grounds were directly copied from Meissen originals.  Other decorative styles in this period include pencilled figures and miniature scenes of European figures in landscapes.  Birds in landscapes and intricate flower displays were often associated with the artist James Rogers. Factory marks were infrequently used on polychrome wares during this period and identification is based upon an understanding of the paste and glaze and recognition of distinctive Worcester shapes

The first period 1765-1776. Some of the most successful, finest and celebrated styles of decoration were produced during this period. Rich Japan patterns, Hop Trellis patterns (as many as twelve variants), colourful Chinese figurative patterns, exotic birds and insects, monochrome (both floral and figurative), colourful floral displays, landscapes, decoration with royal blue borders, turquoise cailloute and dry blue. The coloured grounds were mostly inspired by Meissen and Sevres, examples include blue scale, wet blue or gros bleu, powder blue, mazarine blue, bleu celeste, sea-green, purple scale, yellow, yellow scale, claret, apple green and pink scale

James Giles and Externally Decorated Worcester Porcelain. The capital was at a disadvantage to other regions with regards to porcelain manufacture. Clay and coal to fire kilns had to be brought from long distances. Isleworth, Vauxhall, Limehouse, Bow and sadly even the great Chelsea factory were to fail or close or relocate. London did however play a very significant role in the development of decoration on English porcelain. It was fashionable, a huge population centre and it traded with the world. This created wealth, something on which the greatest craftsman and artisans in jewellery, furniture, clothing, art and porcelain decoration had to predicate.

The names of Richard Horwood, Taylor and Abbot, JH O’Neale and others have for the most part been forgotten. That of James Giles has not. Giles was responsible for the more ambitious and prestigious forms of polychrome decoration including the majority of the coloured grounds and his cisele gilding is of the finest quality.

Pencil and transfer decoration – 1756-1765. The technique of pencil decoration derived from Chinese porcelain and was very much in fashion during the period specified. The artist achieved the effect by using a very fine brush of one colour , usually black. A few standard patterns were used – Chinese landscapes, Chinese figures holding parasols, Chinese figures and pavilions, Chinese boy on a buffalo, flowers, butterflies and foliage some of the patterns with intricate borders.

Transfer printing over glaze  from 1753-4. The technique was first deployed with enamels by John Brooks in Birmingham, before he went to Battersea in 1753,. The earliest Worcester examples date from 1753-1754 associated with the designer L P Boitard and several prints bear his signature, known as ‘smokey primitives’.  The engraver Robert Hancock was the major proponent of the technique he became a full partner in the factory from 1772 until disputes  with other partners lead to his departure in 1774.  Much of Hancock’s  inspiration came from Francois Boucher, Jean-Antoine Watteau, Jean Pillement and Nicolas Lancret – some prints occur in “jet enamel” a fine strong black colour but other colours include reddish-brown and dark lilac

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Worcester Queen Charlotte Pattern Sucrier c1770

Worcester Queen Charlotte Pattern Sucrier c1770

An antique porcelain sucrier Decorated with the popular Worcester Queen Charlotte pattern. Antique porcelain from the antique shop online

£380.00

Rare Worcester Compagnie des Indes Teabowl and Saucer c1770

Rare Worcester Compagnie des Indes Teabowl and Saucer c1770

Worcester porcelain teabowl and saucer decorated in the compagnie des indes pattern c1770

£690.00

Worcester Fluted Porcelain Trio c1780

Worcester Fluted Porcelain Trio c1780

An English Worcester porcelain trio, decorated with onglaze floral sprays, wet blue band c1780

£245.00

Very Rare Worcester Bell Shape Whitton Anglers Pattern Mug c1768

Very Rare Worcester Bell Shape Whitton Anglers Pattern Mug c1768

Rare transfer printed Worcester porcelain bell shape mug. Whitton anglers pattern

£890.00

Rare Worcester Pine Cone Pattern Junket Dish c1778

Rare Worcester Pine Cone Pattern Junket Dish c1778

A rare Worcester junket dish. 18th century English porcelain

£285.00

First Period Worcester Coffee Cup c1770

First Period Worcester Coffee Cup c1770

Hand painted Worcester porcelain coffee cup in the Butterflies pattern

£240.00

Rare Worcester Porcelain Puce Printed Classical Ruins Dessert Plate c1765

Rare Worcester Porcelain Puce Printed Classical Ruins Dessert Plate c1765

Rare Puce printed Worcester plate decorated with a Classical Ruins pattern

£340.00

Worcester Smokey Primitive River Scene Finger Bowl Stand c1758 Rous Lench

Worcester Smokey Primitive River Scene Finger Bowl Stand c1758 Rous Lench

First period Worcester porcelain finger bowl stand, bat printed with a river scene. Thank you Dr Wall

£320.00

First Period Worcester Fable Dessert Plate c1775 Ex Lever Collection

First Period Worcester Fable Dessert Plate c1775 Ex Lever Collection

First period Worcester fables porcelain plate. Wonderfully enameled, hand painted items have a certain charm unrivaled by machine prints of today.

£850.00

Rare Worcester Porcelain Mandarin Long Eliza Mug c1770

Rare Worcester Porcelain Mandarin Long Eliza Mug c1770

Hand painted First Period Worcester porcelain mug with a Mandarin pattern

£880.00

Worcester Hand painted Floral Pattern Coffee Pot c1775

Worcester Hand painted Floral Pattern Coffee Pot c1775

A Worcester porcelain coffee pot and cover decorated with a floral pattern,

£320.00

Large Worcester Porcelain Leaf Dish c1770 Ex Lever

Large Worcester Porcelain Leaf Dish c1770 Ex Lever

A very large Worcester porcelain leaf dish in good condition

£450.00

Worcester Porcelain Man In The Pavilion Pattern Coffee Pot c1758

Worcester Porcelain Man In The Pavilion Pattern Coffee Pot c1758

A Worcester porcelain coffee pot and cover decorated with the Man in the pavilion pattern,

£295.00

Worcester Porcelain Fence Pattern Coffee Pot c1775

Worcester Porcelain Fence Pattern Coffee Pot c1775

A Worcester porcelain coffee pot and cover decorated with the Fence pattern,

£285.00

Worcester Peony Pattern Coffee Cup c1770

Worcester Peony Pattern Coffee Cup c1770

Hand painted Worcester porcelain Peony pattern coffee cup for collectors

£110.00

Worcester Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester plate decorated in blue scale, a must have piece for any worcester collector

£180.00

Worcester Scale Blue Fancy Bird and Bug Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Scale Blue Fancy Bird and Bug Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

An antique Worcester tea cup and saucer, decorated with a fancy bird pattern on a scale blue ground

£285.00

Worcester Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester plate decorated in blue scale, a must have piece for any worcester collector

£220.00

Worcester Triangular Platform Pattern Sauceboat c1755 Ex-Zorensky

Worcester Triangular Platform Pattern Sauceboat c1755 Ex-Zorensky

A Worcester Triangular platform pattern Sauceboat for the collector of 18th Century porcelain

£490.00

Worcester Porcelain Natural Sprays Group Pattern Small Mug c1765

Worcester Porcelain Natural Sprays Group Pattern Small Mug c1765

Transfer printed Worcester porcelain small size mug

£165.00

Worcester Ribbed Tea Canister and Cover c1775

Worcester Ribbed Tea Canister and Cover c1775

An excellent antique porcelain tea canister with hand painted decoration for collectors

£250.00

Worcester Porcelain Classical Ruins Dessert Plate c1765

Worcester Porcelain Classical Ruins Dessert Plate c1765

Worcester plate decorated with a Classical Ruins pattern

£290.00

Worcester Dr Wall Period Cos Moulded Sauceboat c1757

Worcester Dr Wall Period Cos Moulded Sauceboat c1757

An Antiques cos molded Sauceboat for the collector of 18th Century porcelain

£285.00

Rare Fluted Worcester Two Quail Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1765

Rare Fluted Worcester Two Quail Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1765

Worcester rare Fluted polychrome two Quail pattern teabowl and saucer c1765

£540.00

Worcester Dr Wall Period Cos Moulded Sauceboat c1757

Worcester Dr Wall Period Cos Moulded Sauceboat c1757

An Antiques cos molded Sauceboat for the collector of 18th Century porcelain

£145.00

Worcester Feather Moulded Floral Pattern Trio c1770

Worcester Feather Moulded Floral Pattern Trio c1770

First period Worcester porcelain trio, decorated in the Feather Mould Floral pattern. Thank you Dr Wall

£230.00

Worcester Porcelain King of Prussia Mug dated 1757

Worcester Porcelain King of Prussia Mug dated 1757

First period Worcester black printed mug decorated in the King Of Prussia pattern engraved by Robert Hancock

£520.00

Worcester Porcelain Milking Scene -Rural Lovers Pattern Mug c1765

Worcester Porcelain Milking Scene -Rural Lovers Pattern Mug c1765

Printed and hand tinted First Period Worcester porcelain mug with rural lovers pattern

£630.00

Worcester Porcelain Gardener Pattern Mug c1765

Worcester Porcelain Gardener Pattern Mug c1765

Worcester porcelain with hand painted underglaze blue decoration

£690.00

Rare Worcester Mission Church Pattern Sauceboat c1765

Rare Worcester Mission Church Pattern Sauceboat c1765

A Worcester Mission church pattern Sauceboat for the collector of 18th Century porcelain

£420.00

Worcester The Arcade Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1765-70

Worcester The Arcade Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1765-70

Blue and white worcester porcelain for collectors and investors

£900.00

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Teapot Stand c1770

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Teapot Stand c1770

A first period Worcester scale blue fluted porcelain teapot stand c1770

£230.00

Worcester Puce Floral Pattern Trio c1770

Worcester Puce Floral Pattern Trio c1770

A Worcester porcelain trio decorated with a hand painted onglaze puce floral pattern.

£290.00

Large Worcester Queen Charlotte and Japan Star Coffee Cups c1780

Large Worcester Queen Charlotte and Japan Star Coffee Cups c1780

Antique Worcester porcelain coffee cup decorated with onglaze patterns and underglaze blue.

£170.00

Rare Worcester Compagne des Indes Sparrow Beak Jug c1770

Rare Worcester Compagne des Indes Sparrow Beak Jug c1770

Worcester porcelain sparrow beak jug, compagnie des indes

£220.00

First Period Worcester Sir Joshua Reynolds Pattern Dessert Dish c1770

First Period Worcester Sir Joshua Reynolds Pattern Dessert Dish c1770

One of several variants of the so called Joshua Reynolds pattern. The design first appears on Chelsea porcelain but was soon adopted by the Worcester porcelain manufactory

£340.00

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