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First Period Worcester

18th Century Worcester Porcelain. A very abridged and then trimmed and potted history of Worcester porcelain. This humble attempt is no more than the briefest of guides to give the observer some context to accompany the images below.

Lunds Bristol. The forerunner of the Worcester factory was the very short-lived manufactory of Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs in Bristol that was in operation between 1749-1751. In Early 1752 the Bristol factory was merged with the newly established Worcester Tonquin factory founded in June 1751. Benjamin Lund transferred all his stock, moulds and working materials and worked as a consultant with the new enterprise for at least a year. It is believed that Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs produced ‘painted blue’ and ‘undecorated’ pieces. Polychrome decoration was undertaken at the new Worcester factory. Some early Worcester porcelain shapes were “heavily influenced” by oriental forms but most derived from contemporary English silver and the contemporary rococo wares.

Early Chinese Decoration 1750-1755. The early decorative influences were mostly Chinese, capturing the spirit of chinoiserie, Chinese scenes, Chinese figures, strutting birds, miniature islands, drifts of flowers and foliage. The decoration being heavily influenced by the fantasy  chinioserie of French rococo artist Francois Boucher and “Fleurs de Fantasie” of Jean Pillement and his landscapes

Early Japanese Decoration 1750-1755. Japanese porcelain began to arrive in Britain around 1680. Ceramic designs imported by the Dutch East India Company from Arita , known as “Kakiemon” influenced the porcelain decorators at Worcester. Asymmetric designs with flowering peonies, bamboo and pines trees, prunus blossom and flying birds were created. Other Japanese styles were also emulated to a lesser degree.

Early European Decoration 1755-1765. The influence and impact on the Worcester factory by Meissen cannot be understated. The Meissen style flower painting came to the fore. Some patterns and colour grounds were directly copied from Meissen originals.  Other decorative styles in this period include pencilled figures and miniature scenes of European figures in landscapes.  Birds in landscapes and intricate flower displays were often associated with the artist James Rogers. Factory marks were infrequently used on polychrome wares during this period and identification is based upon an understanding of the paste and glaze and recognition of distinctive Worcester shapes

The first period 1765-1776. Some of the most successful, finest and celebrated styles of decoration were produced during this period. Rich Japan patterns, Hop Trellis patterns (as many as twelve variants), colourful Chinese figurative patterns, exotic birds and insects, monochrome (both floral and figurative), colourful floral displays, landscapes, decoration with royal blue borders, turquoise cailloute and dry blue. The coloured grounds were mostly inspired by Meissen and Sevres, examples include blue scale, wet blue or gros bleu, powder blue, mazarine blue, bleu celeste, sea-green, purple scale, yellow, yellow scale, claret, apple green and pink scale

James Giles and Externally Decorated Worcester Porcelain. The capital was at a disadvantage to other regions with regards to porcelain manufacture. Clay and coal to fire kilns had to be brought from long distances. Isleworth, Vauxhall, Limehouse, Bow and sadly even the great Chelsea factory were to fail or close or relocate. London did however play a very significant role in the development of decoration on English porcelain. It was fashionable, a huge population centre and it traded with the world. This created wealth, something on which the greatest craftsman and artisans in jewellery, furniture, clothing, art and porcelain decoration had to predicate.

The names of Richard Horwood, Taylor and Abbot, JH O’Neale and others have for the most part been forgotten. That of James Giles has not. Giles was responsible for the more ambitious and prestigious forms of polychrome decoration including the majority of the coloured grounds and his cisele gilding is of the finest quality.

Pencil and transfer decoration – 1756-1765. The technique of pencil decoration derived from Chinese porcelain and was very much in fashion during the period specified. The artist achieved the effect by using a very fine brush of one colour , usually black. A few standard patterns were used – Chinese landscapes, Chinese figures holding parasols, Chinese figures and pavilions, Chinese boy on a buffalo, flowers, butterflies and foliage some of the patterns with intricate borders.

Transfer printing over glaze  from 1753-4. The technique was first deployed with enamels by John Brooks in Birmingham, before he went to Battersea in 1753,. The earliest Worcester examples date from 1753-1754 associated with the designer L P Boitard and several prints bear his signature, known as ‘smokey primitives’.  The engraver Robert Hancock was the major proponent of the technique he became a full partner in the factory from 1772 until disputes  with other partners lead to his departure in 1774.  Much of Hancock’s  inspiration came from Francois Boucher, Jean-Antoine Watteau, Jean Pillement and Nicolas Lancret – some prints occur in “jet enamel” a fine strong black colour but other colours include reddish-brown and dark lilac

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Worcester Gold Queens Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1780

Worcester Gold Queens Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1780

Antique first period Worcester porcelain decorated in gold

£155.00

Rare Worcester Porcelain Spotted Fruit Dessert Plate With Caillouté Border c1780

Rare Worcester Porcelain Spotted Fruit Dessert Plate With Caillouté Border c1780

Worcester porcelain spotted fruit pattern plate with cailloute border

£190.00

Rare First Period Worcester Teabowl and Saucer c1770

Rare First Period Worcester Teabowl and Saucer c1770

First period Worcester porcelain teabowl and saucer From our online antique shop

£475.00

Rare Worcester Teabowl and Saucer c1768

Rare Worcester Teabowl and Saucer c1768

18th century Worcester teabowl and saucer from the collection of Sir Jeremy Lever

£240.00

First Period Worcester Wet Blue Fancy Birds Dessert Plate c1770

First Period Worcester Wet Blue Fancy Birds Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester wet blue dessert plate hand decorated with fancy birds

£380.00

Very Rare First Period Worcester Yellow Scale Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

Very Rare First Period Worcester Yellow Scale Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

An antique Worcester porcelain tea cup and saucer, decorated with fancy birds on a rare yellow ground

£2,250.00

First Period Worcester Lord Henry Thynne Service Plate c1780

First Period Worcester Lord Henry Thynne Service Plate c1780

Worcester Lord Henry Thynne Pattern antique porcelain plate from 18th century England

£825.00

Worcester Porcelain Ribbed Sucrier and Cream Jug c1780

Worcester Porcelain Ribbed Sucrier and Cream Jug c1780

A First Period Worcester Sucrier and jug ffor sale at the Scottish antiques online store

£255.00

First Period Worcester The Fence' Pattern Chocolate Cup Stand c1775

First Period Worcester The Fence' Pattern Chocolate Cup Stand c1775

Antique chocolate cup stand by Worcester in The Fence pattern, wonderful blue and white porcelain

£80.00

Worcester Dry Blue Porcelain Tea Pot and Stand c1770

Worcester Dry Blue Porcelain Tea Pot and Stand c1770

Dry blue Worecester porcelain tea pot and cover from the scottishn antique shop online

£390.00

 Early Worcester Feather Moulded Jug c1758

Early Worcester Feather Moulded Jug c1758

First Period Worcester Porcelain jug, one of many pieces of 18th century English porcelain for the inspired collector

£625.00

First Period Worcester Porcelain Coffee Cup c1755

First Period Worcester Porcelain Coffee Cup c1755

First period ribbed Worcester coffee cup from our online antique shop

£630.00

A Gilded Worcester Porcelain Sucrier c1785

A Gilded Worcester Porcelain Sucrier c1785

Giles decorated English porcelain sucrier and cover online

£175.00

Worcester Porcelain Two Porter Landscape Pattern Creamboat c1770

Worcester Porcelain Two Porter Landscape Pattern Creamboat c1770

Antique porcelain Worcester creamboat available from our antiques shop online

£325.00

Worcester Blue Scale Chocolate Cup & Cover c1775

Worcester Blue Scale Chocolate Cup & Cover c1775

A Rare example of a first period Worcester porcelain chocolate cup and cover. One of many items in our worcester collection.

£425.00

Worcester Lilac Printed Obelisk Vase and Fisherman Pattern Coffee Cup c1770

Worcester Lilac Printed Obelisk Vase and Fisherman Pattern Coffee Cup c1770

Antique Worcester porcelain lilac printed coffee cup, one of many rare pieces in our collection

£155.00

Worcester Porcelain King of Prussia Mug dated 1757

Worcester Porcelain King of Prussia Mug dated 1757

First period Worcester black printed mug decorated in the King Of Prussia pattern engraved by Robert Hancock

£480.00

Worcester Compagnie des Indes Trio c1770

Worcester Compagnie des Indes Trio c1770

Worcester porcelain teabowl and saucer decorated in the pink compagnie des indes pattern c1770

£390.00

First Period Worcester Rich Queens Pattern Tea Bowl and Saucer c1766

First Period Worcester Rich Queens Pattern Tea Bowl and Saucer c1766

A Worcester tea bowl and saucer, decorated with the kakiemon style queens pattern

£95.00

Worcester Harvest Bug Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1770

Worcester Harvest Bug Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1770

Antique porcelain Worcester teabowl and saucer, decorated with the Dragons in compartments pattern. Available now from our antiques store online

£95.00

First Period Worcester Telephone Box pattern Vase c1770

First Period Worcester Telephone Box pattern Vase c1770

This Worcester baluster vase may have been a central part of a garniture. However this highly decorative "mandarin" type pattern is quite charming in it's own right.

£425.00

Early Worcester Ovoid Polychrome Floral Vase c1758

Early Worcester Ovoid Polychrome Floral Vase c1758

This vase would have had a cover when it left the factory. However, early vases of this type are rare when in fine condition. This example may have been painted by James Rodgers. See more at the online antiques store

£925.00

First Period Worcester Powder Blue Ground Coffee Cup and Saucer c1765

First Period Worcester Powder Blue Ground Coffee Cup and Saucer c1765

An antique Worcester coffee cup and saucer, decorated with a floral pattern on a powder blue ground

£450.00

Worcester James Giles Decorated Saucer and Matched Coffee Cup c1770

Worcester James Giles Decorated Saucer and Matched Coffee Cup c1770

This design was and remains immensely popular. First produced c1765 and continued up to c1840

£70.00

Worcester Porcelain Classical Ruins Saucer Dish c1765

Worcester Porcelain Classical Ruins Saucer Dish c1765

Worcester plate decorated with a Classical Ruins pattern

£335.00

Worcester Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester plate decorated in blue scale, a must have piece for any worcester collector

£155.00

Rare Worcester Porcelain Fisherman In A Fan Shaped Panel Cream Jug  c1765

Rare Worcester Porcelain Fisherman In A Fan Shaped Panel Cream Jug c1765

First Period Worcester Porcelain sparrow beak jug, one of many pieces of 18th century English porcelain for the inspired collector

£980.00

First Period Worcester Dragons in Compartments Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1770

First Period Worcester Dragons in Compartments Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1770

Antique porcelain Worcester trio, decorated with the Dragons in compartments pattern. Available now from our antiques store online

£395.00

First Period Worcester Pine cone Pattern Porcelain Strainer and Stand c1775

First Period Worcester Pine cone Pattern Porcelain Strainer and Stand c1775

First period Worcester porcelain strainer, decorated with the printed pinecone pattern

£475.00

First Period Worcester Bell Shape Floral Pattern Mug c1775

First Period Worcester Bell Shape Floral Pattern Mug c1775

First period Worcester porcelain bell shape mug with hand painted floral pattern

£435.00

First Period Worcester Pine cone Pattern Porcelain Plate c1775

First Period Worcester Pine cone Pattern Porcelain Plate c1775

Antique Worcester porcelain plate, decorated with the printed pinecone pattern.

£110.00

Worcester Shell Shape Dessert Dish c1770

Worcester Shell Shape Dessert Dish c1770

Antique porcelain Worcester shell dish from our online antiques shop

£140.00

Child Size Worcester Fence Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1775

Child Size Worcester Fence Pattern Teabowl and Saucer c1775

Antique porcelain Child's size small fence pattern Worcester porcelain saucer

£75.00

Rare Fluted Worcester Two Quail Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1765

Rare Fluted Worcester Two Quail Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1765

Worcester rare Fluted polychrome two Quail pattern coffee cup and saucer c1765

£475.00

First Period Worcester Birds in Branches Pattern Tea Bowl & Saucer c1770

First Period Worcester Birds in Branches Pattern Tea Bowl & Saucer c1770

A fine example of a first period Worcester bowl, decorated with the birds in branches pattern. Worcester blue and white from Dr Wall.

£95.00

Beth First Period Worcester Blue & White Pickle Dish c1765

Beth First Period Worcester Blue & White Pickle Dish c1765

Worcester blue and white porcelain form our online collection

£125.00

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