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First Period Worcester

18th Century Worcester Porcelain. A very abridged and then trimmed and potted history of Worcester porcelain. This humble attempt is no more than the briefest of guides to give the observer some context to accompany the images below.

Lunds Bristol. The forerunner of the Worcester factory was the very short-lived manufactory of Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs in Bristol that was in operation between 1749-1751. In Early 1752 the Bristol factory was merged with the newly established Worcester Tonquin factory founded in June 1751. Benjamin Lund transferred all his stock, moulds and working materials and worked as a consultant with the new enterprise for at least a year. It is believed that Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs produced ‘painted blue’ and ‘undecorated’ pieces. Polychrome decoration was undertaken at the new Worcester factory. Some early Worcester porcelain shapes were “heavily influenced” by oriental forms but most derived from contemporary English silver and the contemporary rococo wares.

Early Chinese Decoration 1750-1755. The early decorative influences were mostly Chinese, capturing the spirit of chinoiserie, Chinese scenes, Chinese figures, strutting birds, miniature islands, drifts of flowers and foliage. The decoration being heavily influenced by the fantasy  chinioserie of French rococo artist Francois Boucher and “Fleurs de Fantasie” of Jean Pillement and his landscapes

Early Japanese Decoration 1750-1755. Japanese porcelain began to arrive in Britain around 1680. Ceramic designs imported by the Dutch East India Company from Arita , known as “Kakiemon” influenced the porcelain decorators at Worcester. Asymmetric designs with flowering peonies, bamboo and pines trees, prunus blossom and flying birds were created. Other Japanese styles were also emulated to a lesser degree.

Early European Decoration 1755-1765. The influence and impact on the Worcester factory by Meissen cannot be understated. The Meissen style flower painting came to the fore. Some patterns and colour grounds were directly copied from Meissen originals.  Other decorative styles in this period include pencilled figures and miniature scenes of European figures in landscapes.  Birds in landscapes and intricate flower displays were often associated with the artist James Rogers. Factory marks were infrequently used on polychrome wares during this period and identification is based upon an understanding of the paste and glaze and recognition of distinctive Worcester shapes

The first period 1765-1776. Some of the most successful, finest and celebrated styles of decoration were produced during this period. Rich Japan patterns, Hop Trellis patterns (as many as twelve variants), colourful Chinese figurative patterns, exotic birds and insects, monochrome (both floral and figurative), colourful floral displays, landscapes, decoration with royal blue borders, turquoise cailloute and dry blue. The coloured grounds were mostly inspired by Meissen and Sevres, examples include blue scale, wet blue or gros bleu, powder blue, mazarine blue, bleu celeste, sea-green, purple scale, yellow, yellow scale, claret, apple green and pink scale

James Giles and Externally Decorated Worcester Porcelain. The capital was at a disadvantage to other regions with regards to porcelain manufacture. Clay and coal to fire kilns had to be brought from long distances. Isleworth, Vauxhall, Limehouse, Bow and sadly even the great Chelsea factory were to fail or close or relocate. London did however play a very significant role in the development of decoration on English porcelain. It was fashionable, a huge population centre and it traded with the world. This created wealth, something on which the greatest craftsman and artisans in jewellery, furniture, clothing, art and porcelain decoration had to predicate.

The names of Richard Horwood, Taylor and Abbot, JH O’Neale and others have for the most part been forgotten. That of James Giles has not. Giles was responsible for the more ambitious and prestigious forms of polychrome decoration including the majority of the coloured grounds and his cisele gilding is of the finest quality.

Pencil and transfer decoration – 1756-1765. The technique of pencil decoration derived from Chinese porcelain and was very much in fashion during the period specified. The artist achieved the effect by using a very fine brush of one colour , usually black. A few standard patterns were used – Chinese landscapes, Chinese figures holding parasols, Chinese figures and pavilions, Chinese boy on a buffalo, flowers, butterflies and foliage some of the patterns with intricate borders.

Transfer printing over glaze  from 1753-4. The technique was first deployed with enamels by John Brooks in Birmingham, before he went to Battersea in 1753,. The earliest Worcester examples date from 1753-1754 associated with the designer L P Boitard and several prints bear his signature, known as ‘smokey primitives’.  The engraver Robert Hancock was the major proponent of the technique he became a full partner in the factory from 1772 until disputes  with other partners lead to his departure in 1774.  Much of Hancock’s  inspiration came from Francois Boucher, Jean-Antoine Watteau, Jean Pillement and Nicolas Lancret – some prints occur in “jet enamel” a fine strong black colour but other colours include reddish-brown and dark lilac

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Worcester Queens Pattern Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Queens Pattern Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

An antique Worcester tea cup and saucer online

£235.00

Worcester Kempthorne Pattern Coffee Pot c1780

Worcester Kempthorne Pattern Coffee Pot c1780

A Worcester porcelain coffee pot and cover decorated with the Kempthorne pattern,

£540.00

Rare Worcester Porcelain Spotted Fruit Dessert Plate With Caillouté Border c1780

Rare Worcester Porcelain Spotted Fruit Dessert Plate With Caillouté Border c1780

Worcester plate decorated in blue scale for collectors, a must have piece of worcester

£390.00

Giles Decorated Worcester Scalloped Dessert Dish c1765

Giles Decorated Worcester Scalloped Dessert Dish c1765

A Giles decorated Worcester porcelain dish.

£750.00

Worcester Dr Wall Period Cos Moulded Sauceboat c1757

Worcester Dr Wall Period Cos Moulded Sauceboat c1757

An Antiques cos molded Sauceboat for the collector of 18th Century porcelain

£375.00

Worcester Porcelain Mandarin Coffee Cup c1770

Worcester Porcelain Mandarin Coffee Cup c1770

Sort after Worcester porcelain Mandarin pattern coffee cup

£220.00

RESERVED D.O. - Worcester Long Eliza Pattern Barrel Shape Teapot and Cover c1770

RESERVED D.O. - Worcester Long Eliza Pattern Barrel Shape Teapot and Cover c1770

A much sought after English Worcester porcelain teapot in a Long Eliza pattern

£650.00

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester plate decorated in blue scale for collectors, a must have piece of worcester

£235.00

Worcester Porcelain Mandarin Pattern Coffee Cup c1765

Worcester Porcelain Mandarin Pattern Coffee Cup c1765

An 18th century Worcester porcelain Mandarin pattern coffee cup

£250.00

Worcester Porcelain Parrot Pecking Fruit Pattern Mug 1770-85

Worcester Porcelain Parrot Pecking Fruit Pattern Mug 1770-85

A selection of Worcester porcelain with transfer printed patterns for sale

£250.00

First Period Worcester Porcelain Blue Scale Leaf Dish c1775

First Period Worcester Porcelain Blue Scale Leaf Dish c1775

A Worcester porcelain leaf dish in good condition for collectors

£420.00

Worcester Porcelain Marke Family Armorial Coffee Cup c1758

Worcester Porcelain Marke Family Armorial Coffee Cup c1758

Sort after Worcester porcelain Armorial coffee cup

£470.00

First Period Worcester Teapot c1770

First Period Worcester Teapot c1770

A first period Worcester porcelain teapot and cover decorated with polychrome floral sprays and a moulded flower finial

£225.00

First Period Worcester Kakiemon Teapot c1770

First Period Worcester Kakiemon Teapot c1770

A first period Worcester porcelain teapot and cover decorated with a bright floral pattern.

£245.00

Worcester Heavy Naturalistic Floral Pattern Porcelain Jug c1760

Worcester Heavy Naturalistic Floral Pattern Porcelain Jug c1760

Georgian English Worcester porcelain online

£145.00

First Period Worcester Coffee Cup c1765

First Period Worcester Coffee Cup c1765

Hand painted Worcester porcelain coffee cup for collectors

£145.00

First Period Worcester Kempthorne Pattern Teacup & Saucer c1770

First Period Worcester Kempthorne Pattern Teacup & Saucer c1770

First period Worcester porcelain tea cup and saucer, decorated in the Kempthorne pattern

£240.00

First Period Worcester Blue & White Pickle Dishes c1765

First Period Worcester Blue & White Pickle Dishes c1765

Worcester blue and white porcelain for collectors

£190.00

Worcester Spotted Fruit Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Spotted Fruit Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

An antique Worcester coffee cup and saucer, decorated with a green ground and rare spotted fruit pattern.

£540.00

Worcester Scale Blue Floral Pattern Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Scale Blue Floral Pattern Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

An antique Worcester tea cup and saucer, decorated with a floral pattern on a scale blue ground

£285.00

Worcester Porcelain Fluted Teacup & Saucer c1765-75

Worcester Porcelain Fluted Teacup & Saucer c1765-75

A Worcester fluted antique teacup and saucer, decorated with English flowers.

£170.00

Worcester Bat Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1785

Worcester Bat Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1785

18th century English porcelain online, the classic Worcester bat pattern

£130.00

A Very Rare First Period Worcester Yellow Scale Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

A Very Rare First Period Worcester Yellow Scale Tea Cup and Saucer c1770

An antique first period Worcester tea cup and saucer, decorated with fancy birds on a rare yellow ground

£2,750.00

A Rare Worcester Pixie Ear Handle Floral Pattern Coffee Cup c1765

A Rare Worcester Pixie Ear Handle Floral Pattern Coffee Cup c1765

A Dr Wall period Worcester porcelain coffee cup, with rare pixie ear handle.

£420.00

Worcester Eloping Bride Teabowl and Saucer c1765-70

Worcester Eloping Bride Teabowl and Saucer c1765-70

Blue and white worcester porcelain for collectors and investors

£870.00

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester plate decorated in blue scale for collectors, a must have piece of worcester

£235.00

A Collection of Worcester Polychrome Coffee Cups, C1765-90

A Collection of Worcester Polychrome Coffee Cups, C1765-90

A polychrome Collection of Worcester porcelain for collectors and investors

£230.00

Worcester Low Chelsea Ewer c1775

Worcester Low Chelsea Ewer c1775

Hand painted Worcester low Chlsea Ewer, with moulded decoration

£210.00

Worcester Boy In the Window Pattern Teapot and Cover c1770

Worcester Boy In the Window Pattern Teapot and Cover c1770

A much sought after Worcester porcelain teapot in a Mandarin pattern

£375.00

Worcester Porcelain Ribbed Cell Border Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Porcelain Ribbed Cell Border Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

An antique Worcester coffee cup and saucer, decorated with a flower centre and cell border

£150.00

Early Worcester Man In The Pavilion Pattern Coffee Cup c1757

Early Worcester Man In The Pavilion Pattern Coffee Cup c1757

The man in the pavillion, early Dr Wall Worcester porcelain

£145.00

Rare Worcester Porcelain Romantic Rocks Pattern Saucer c1755

Rare Worcester Porcelain Romantic Rocks Pattern Saucer c1755

Hand painted underglaze blue Worcester saucer painted with teh romantic rocks pattern

£950.00

Early Worcester Plantation Print Tea Bowl and Saucer c1760

Early Worcester Plantation Print Tea Bowl and Saucer c1760

Rare shape worcester porcelain teabowl and saucer for collectors and investors

£490.00

Early Worcester Sinking Boat Fisherman Pattern Sauceboat c1755

Early Worcester Sinking Boat Fisherman Pattern Sauceboat c1755

An Early Worcester porcelain Sauceboat for the lover of blue and white porcelain

£880.00

Worcester Fence pattern Sucrier and Cover c1765-85

Worcester Fence pattern Sucrier and Cover c1765-85

A rare Worcester slop bowl of investment grade. A fantastic collectors piece

£165.00

Very Rare Worcester Reeded Teaware Centre Pattern Slop Bowl c1755

Very Rare Worcester Reeded Teaware Centre Pattern Slop Bowl c1755

A rare Worcester slop bowl of investment grade. A fantastic collectors piece

£240.00

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