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First Period Worcester

18th Century Worcester Porcelain. A very abridged and then trimmed and potted history of Worcester porcelain from Lunds Bristol to the soft paste porcelain of First Period Worcester and Thomas Flight. We do not discuss Flight nd Barr and the other partnerships in this category nor Royal Worcester Porcelain. This humble attempt is no more than the briefest of guides to give the observer some context to accompany the images below. We do provide abriegf guide to the decorative styles deployed by Britains most celebrated porcelain company on the banks of the river severn

The name most widely associated with Worcester porcelain is that of Dr John Wall a physician. In conjunction with a chemist ( the apothecary William Davis ) they atempted to produce porcelain. Having met with Messers Lund and Miller of the Bristol porcelain factory they persuaded a group of local businessmen to invest in a new factory at Warmstry House Worcester.

Lunds Bristol. The forerunner of the Worcester factory was the very short-lived manufactory of Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs in Bristol that was in operation between 1749-1751. In Early 1752 the Bristol factory was merged with the newly established Worcester Tonquin factory founded in June 1751. Benjamin Lund transferred all his stock, moulds and working materials and worked as a consultant with the new enterprise for at least a year. It is believed that Benjamin Lund at Redcliffe Backs produced ‘painted blue’ and ‘undecorated’ pieces. Polychrome decoration was undertaken at the new Worcester factory. Some early Worcester porcelain shapes were “heavily influenced” by oriental forms but most derived from contemporary English silver and the contemporary rococo wares.

Early Chinese Decoration 1750-1755. The early decorative influences were mostly Chinese, capturing the spirit of chinoiserie, Chinese scenes, Chinese figures, strutting birds, miniature islands, drifts of flowers and foliage. The decoration being heavily influenced by the fantasy chinioserie of French rococo artist Francois Boucher and “Fleurs de Fantasie” of Jean Pillement and his landscapes

Early Japanese Decoration 1750-1755. Japanese porcelain began to arrive in Britain around 1680. Ceramic designs imported by the Dutch East India Company from Arita , known as “Kakiemon” influenced the porcelain decorators at Worcester. Asymmetric designs with flowering peonies, bamboo and pines trees, prunus blossom and flying birds were created. Other Japanese styles were also emulated to a lesser degree.

Early European Decoration 1755-1765. The influence and impact on the Worcester factory by Meissen cannot be understated. The Meissen style flower painting came to the fore. Some patterns and colour grounds were directly copied from Meissen originals. Other decorative styles in this period include pencilled figures and miniature scenes of European figures in landscapes. Birds in landscapes and intricate flower displays were often associated with the artist James Rogers. Factory marks were infrequently used on polychrome wares during this period and identification is based upon an understanding of the paste and glaze and recognition of distinctive Worcester shapes

The first period 1765-1776. Some of the most successful, finest and celebrated styles of decoration were produced during this period. Rich Japan patterns, Hop Trellis patterns (as many as twelve variants), colourful Chinese figurative patterns, exotic birds and insects, monochrome (both floral and figurative) including blue and white porcelains, colourful floral displays, landscapes, decoration with royal blue borders, turquoise cailloute and dry blue. The coloured grounds were mostly inspired by Meissen and Sevres, examples include blue scale, wet blue or gros bleu, powder blue, mazarine blue, bleu celeste, sea-green, purple scale, yellow, yellow scale, claret, apple green and pink scale

James Giles and Externally Decorated Worcester Porcelain. The capital was at a disadvantage to other regions with regards to porcelain works and manufacture. Clay and coal to fire kilns had to be brought from long distances. Isleworth, Vauxhall, Limehouse, Bow and sadly even the great Chelsea factory were to fail or close or relocate. London did however play a very significant role in the development of decoration on English porcelain. It was fashionable, a huge population centre and it traded with the world. This created wealth, something on which the greatest craftsman and artisans in jewellery, furniture, clothing, art and porcelain decoration had to predicate.

The names of Richard Horwood, Taylor and Abbot, JH O’Neale and others have for the most part been forgotten. That of James Giles has not. Giles was responsible for the more ambitious and prestigious forms of polychrome decoration including the majority of the coloured grounds and his cisele gilding is of the finest quality.

Pencil and transfer decoration – 1756-1765. The technique of pencil decoration derived from Chinese porcelain and was very much in fashion during the period specified. The artist achieved the effect by using a very fine brush of one colour , usually black. A few standard patterns were used – Chinese landscapes, Chinese figures holding parasols, Chinese figures and pavilions, Chinese boy on a buffalo, flowers, butterflies and foliage some of the patterns with intricate borders.

Transfer printing over glaze from 1753-4. The technique was first deployed with enamels by John Brooks in Birmingham, before he went to Battersea in 1753,. The earliest Worcester examples date from 1753-1754 associated with the designer L P Boitard and several prints bear his signature, known as ‘smokey primitives’. The engraver Robert Hancock was the major proponent of the technique he became a full partner in the factory from 1772 until disputes with other partners lead to his departure in 1774. Much of Hancock’s inspiration came from Francois Boucher, Jean-Antoine Watteau, Jean Pillement and Nicolas Lancret – some prints occur in “jet enamel” a fine strong black colour but other colours include reddish-brown and dark lilac


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Scale Blue Worcester Porcelain Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

Scale Blue Worcester Porcelain Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

Scale blue Worcester porcelain coffee cup and saucer c1770

£235.00

First Period Worcester Porcelain Basket c1770

First Period Worcester Porcelain Basket c1770

First period Worcester. Decorated with a central spray of flowers. Flowers painted at intersections of pierced sections. Moulded flowers at external intersections of pierced circles

£425.00

A Worcester Porcelain The Birds in Branches Tea Bowl and Saucer c1780

A Worcester Porcelain The Birds in Branches Tea Bowl and Saucer c1780

A Worcester Porcelain The Birds in Branches Teabowl and Saucer c1780

£165.00

A Worcester porcelain The Birds in Trees Teabowl and Saucer c1780

A Worcester porcelain The Birds in Trees Teabowl and Saucer c1780

The Birds in Branches pattern worcester porcelain

£165.00

Very Tall Worcester Porcelain  Parrot Pecking Fruit Beer Mug c1775

Very Tall Worcester Porcelain Parrot Pecking Fruit Beer Mug c1775

A very fine Worcester porcelain mug. This is the largest example we have ever seen. One to be used and appreciated.

£325.00

Worcester Porcelain Hand Painted Sparrow Beak Jug c1775

Worcester Porcelain Hand Painted Sparrow Beak Jug c1775

Worcester porcelain hand painted sparrow beak jug c1775

£155.00

Worcester Porcelain Hand painted Sparrow Beak  Jug c1775

Worcester Porcelain Hand painted Sparrow Beak Jug c1775

Worcester porcelain hand painted sparrow beak jug c1775

£165.00

Worcester Porcelain Scarlet Japan Coffee Cup and Saucer James Giles c1770

Worcester Porcelain Scarlet Japan Coffee Cup and Saucer James Giles c1770

Worcester Scarlet Japan Pattern coffee cup and saucer c1770

£325.00

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Dessert Plate c1770 First period Worcester

£145.00

First Period Worcester Sir Joshua Reynolds Pattern Dessert Plate c1770

First Period Worcester Sir Joshua Reynolds Pattern Dessert Plate c1770

One of several variants of the so called Joshua Reynolds pattern. The design first appears on Chelsea porcelain but was soon adopted by the Worcester porcelain manufactory

£225.00

Worcester Porcelain Dessert Plate c1770

Worcester Porcelain Dessert Plate c1770

A Worcester porcelain dessert plate with scale blue decoration

£145.00

Worcester Porcelain Chocolate Cup And Saucer c1770

Worcester Porcelain Chocolate Cup And Saucer c1770

A first period Worcester chocolate cup and saucer

£425.00

First Period Worcester Old Mosaic Lozenge Dish c1775

First Period Worcester Old Mosaic Lozenge Dish c1775

A very fine First Period Worcester Old Mosaic lozenge dish from c1770 in excellent condition. For more antique porcelain, including a wide range of Georgian British porcelain, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£390.00

Worcester Porcelain Kidney Shaped Dish Old Mosaic Pattern c1775

Worcester Porcelain Kidney Shaped Dish Old Mosaic Pattern c1775

Worcester Porcelain Kidney Shaped Dish Old Mosaic Pattern c1775

£390.00

First Period Worcester Old Mosaic Pattern Trio c1770

First Period Worcester Old Mosaic Pattern Trio c1770

A very fine First Period Worcester Old Mosaic pattern trio from c1770 in excellent condition. For more antique porcelain, including a wide range of Georgian British porcelain, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£390.00

 Worcester Porcelain Scarlet Japan Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Porcelain Scarlet Japan Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

A very fine First Period Worcester porcelain Scarlet Japan Pattern coffee cup and saucer from c1770 in excellent condition. For more antique porcelain, including a wide range of Georgian British porcelain, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£350.00

Worcester Porcelain Old Mosaic Pattern Dish c1775

Worcester Porcelain Old Mosaic Pattern Dish c1775

We have to admit that this is one of our favourite Worcester porcelain patterns

£275.00

Worcester Queen Charlotte Pattern Sucrier c1770

Worcester Queen Charlotte Pattern Sucrier c1770

A very fine First Period Worcester Queen Charlotte pattern sucrier from c1770 in excellent condition. For more antique porcelain, including a wide range of Georgian British porcelain, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£175.00

Worcester Queen Charlotte Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Queen Charlotte Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

A very fine First Period Worcester Queen Charlotte pattern coffee cup and saucer from c1770 in excellent condition. For more antique porcelain, including a wide range of Georgian British porcelain, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£250.00

Worcester James Giles Decorated Leaf Dish c1770

Worcester James Giles Decorated Leaf Dish c1770

Functional and beatiful as intended

£575.00

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Junket Dish c1770

Worcester Porcelain Scale Blue Junket Dish c1770

Although the market has always benefitted by what appears to be an endless repertoire of Scale Blue pieces for me there can never be enough as nobody does it better than Worcester.

£525.00

Worcester Scale Blue Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

Worcester Scale Blue Coffee Cup and Saucer c1770

Scale blue worcester porcelain, decorated with birds and insects. One of the most widely admired designs

£265.00

 James Giles Decorated Worcester Porcelain Teacup and Saucer c1770

James Giles Decorated Worcester Porcelain Teacup and Saucer c1770

A Worcester porcelin cup and saucer decorated at the workshop of James Giles London c1770

£475.00

Very Fine Worcester Porcelain Hancock Print Tea Bowl, Coffee Cup and Saucer c1760

Very Fine Worcester Porcelain Hancock Print Tea Bowl, Coffee Cup and Saucer c1760

I know I know it shoud be tea-bowl according to the British Museum Object Name Thesaurus. However, as a business we have to cope with two things. Firstly how is this data interpreted by a computer and secondly the variations between spelling between dicti

£225.00

Outside Decorated Worcester Porcelain Tea Pot c1770

Outside Decorated Worcester Porcelain Tea Pot c1770

A Worcester porcelain teapot and cover outside decorated almost certainly at the James Giles workshop

£575.00

Rare James Giles Worcester Porcelain Gold Queens Pattern Chocolate Cup and Saucer c1775

Rare James Giles Worcester Porcelain Gold Queens Pattern Chocolate Cup and Saucer c1775

A Fine and Rare James Giles Worcester Porcelain Gold Queens Pattern Chocolate Cup and Saucer c1775

£350.00

James Giles Decorated Worcester Porcelain Coffee Cup and Saucer c1775

James Giles Decorated Worcester Porcelain Coffee Cup and Saucer c1775

A fine James Giles Decorated Worcester Porcelain Coffee Cup and Saucer c1775 with cossed swords mark

£225.00

James Giles Worcester Porcelain Gold Queens Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1775

James Giles Worcester Porcelain Gold Queens Pattern Coffee Cup and Saucer c1775

Worcester Porcelain Gold Queens Pattern decorated by james Giles. There is a blue variant of the same pattern. Most of the versions that we have seen have been redecorated or "clobbered" .

£265.00

Worcester Porcelain Fan Panelled Landscape Dessert Plate c1770-80

Worcester Porcelain Fan Panelled Landscape Dessert Plate c1770-80

A very fine Worcester porcelain blue and white deep dish with scallop rim from c1770 in excellent condition. For more antique porcelain, including a wide range of Georgian British porcelain, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£395.00

First Period Worcester Porcelain "Walk in the Garden" Pattern Mug c1765

First Period Worcester Porcelain "Walk in the Garden" Pattern Mug c1765

A First Period Worcester porcelain "Walk in the Garden" pattern mug from c1765 in excellent condition. For more antique porcelain, including a wide range of Georgian British porcelain, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£625.00

First Period Worcester Fan Panelled Landscape Dessert Plate c1770-80

First Period Worcester Fan Panelled Landscape Dessert Plate c1770-80

A very fine Worcester blue and white scallop rim dish from c1770 in excellent condition. For more antique porcelain, including a wide range of Georgian British porcelain, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£395.00

A First Period Worcester PorcelainTeapot And Associated Chinese Porcelain Cover

A First Period Worcester PorcelainTeapot And Associated Chinese Porcelain Cover

The Chinese Family pattern, a first period worcester porcelain teapot

£325.00

James Giles Worcester Mandarin Pattern Mug c1775

James Giles Worcester Mandarin Pattern Mug c1775

A Delightful early English porcelain mug from our antiques store online

£525.00

Worcester Porcelain Beckoning Chinaman Pattern Mug c1755

Worcester Porcelain Beckoning Chinaman Pattern Mug c1755

Hand Painted Worcester porcelain Beckoning Chinaman Pattern Mug online

£650.00

Worcester Boy In the Window Pattern Teapot and Cover c1770

Worcester Boy In the Window Pattern Teapot and Cover c1770

A much sought after Worcester porcelain teapot in a Mandarin pattern

£375.00

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