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King Stephen Penny-Silver Cross Moline 1135-1154


Product Code:RNC230

1 in stock

1 in stock


Header: King Stephen Penny Silver Cross Moline of  ‘Watford Penny’ Type

Denomination: Silver penny

Period: Normans

Date: c1136-1145

Origin: Mint unclear, possibly one of eleven for Willem or William

Condition: AVF for type, very good portrait but slightly off centre, a rare coin in a typical or better state

Obverse: Crowned bust, right, holding sceptre in right hand, [S]TIEFNE R

Reverse: Cross moline with fleur in each angle, legend possibly +PILLEM:ON:[ ]

Size and Weight: 20mm, 1.37g

References: N873, 1278

Features and Provenance: 

Stephen of Blois became king in 1135, on the death of his uncle, Henry I. He had married Matilda of Boulogne in 1125 and as a result, they became the richest couple in England. Henry’s daughter Empress Matilda (not to be confused with Stepehen’s wife) had claim to the throne and general unrest in the country led to numerous rebellions by David I of Scotland, Geoffrey Plantagenet (Matilda’s husband), her half-brother (Robert of Gloucester), Matilda herself and her son Henry. Civil war raged on and Matilda finally took hold of the South West of England. Stephen’s heir to the throne, Eustace, suddenly died necessitating a peace agreement that would keep everyone happy. Matilda’s son, Henry Fitzempress, a big player in the battle for the throne, was finally made Stephen’s heir and when Stephen died in 1154 he became Henry II of England. This period of unrest was so disruptive to the country that historians call it ‘The Anarchy.’

Condition Summary. This varies with the age of coin and there are grades between

Uncirculated (U). As struck with no traces of wear

Extremely Fine (EF). Very slight traces of wear. all parts of legend etc present, visible and clear

Very Fine (VF). Some signs of wear on the higher parts of the relief, all parts of legend etc present, but maybe worn

Fine (F). Wear on the coin and parts of legend etc may be missing or not visible


Additional information

Weight50 g


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