18th Century Nut Moulded Liege Wine Glass c1720
Heading : 18th century Liege wine glass
Date : 1710- 1730
Origin : Liege, Belgium
Colour : Clear
Bowl : Conical with nut moulding
Stem : Rib moulded shoulder and basal knops
Foot : Conical and folded
Pontil : Snapped
Glass Type : Soda
Size : 13.9cm tall with a 5.4cm bowl and a 6.1cm foot
Condition : Excellent, no chips or cracks
Restoration : None
Weight : 66 grams
These forms are Liègeois and can be attributed to the Nizet glasshouse. Some time around 1710, Nizet, formerly a wine dealer, established a glasshouse which rapidly overtook the fine glass business from the Bonhomme glasshouse. His invention was to introduce a thicker (more durable) and more limpid glass than that used by the Bonhommes, who still produced glass in the Façon d'Altare. Nizet was inspired by the English lead glass and his glasses (except those produced when production first began) contain a low level lead oxide.
During the second half of the 17th century, the Bonhommes generated most of their revenue from the production of simple, small glasses. The production of luxury Façon de Venise glasses was already on the wane. This may in part be attributed to poor economic conditions following a series of French invasions of Southern Netherlands, the last wave of which took place in the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-1714). Style and practicality may also have played a role, consumers desired practical smaller glasses in which to enjoy their wine and in economical portions. With the coming of Nizet, the production of the most luxurious "verres d'apparat" was ceased altogether in the Low Countries and was left mostly to Bohemia, Germany and later England.
These glasses are successors of thinner verres de fougère produced in France, the Southern Netherlands and probably even in England. In the Low Countries they were made to enjoy Burgundy wine. This was imported from Burgundy via the river Meuse. It is believed that the barges returned to France loaded with Nizet glasses from Liège. It seems that they were very popular within the regions and this goes some way to explain why many of these glasses reside within French collections.
These glasses are called "verres fraisés". When filled with Burgundy wine, which was probably of a lighter red than now, the bowls do indeed have a resemblance to strawberries!
References : Earlier examples can be found in Beyond Venice Glass in the Venetian Style 1500 - 1750 - Page 163 Figure 24
La verrerie au pays de Liège : étude rétrospective - Pages 108 and 114
- Product Code: 2017011766
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