Jacobite Sympathy Engraved Opaque Twist Wine Glass c1760.
Heading : A Jacobite Sympathy engraved wine glass
Period : George II- George III c1760
Origin : England
Colour : Clear
Bowl : Lipped ogee. Engraved with Forget-me-nots, Lilly of the Valley and Sunflowers.
Stem : 12 ply opaque spiral band outside a pair of corkscrew tapes
Foot : Conical
Pontil : Snapped
Glass Type : Lead
Size : 14.8cm height, 5.4cm diameter bowl, 7.1cm diameter foot
Condition : Excellent, no chips or cracks. There is a tooth mark below the rim
Restoration : None
By 1760 hopes for the restoration of the Stuarts were still high. Fifteen years had elapsed since the last uprising, the "45",Bliadhna Theàrlaich , Charles's year. In 1759 the French drew up plans for an invasion of England and sought the support of Charles Edward Stuart who promised to deliver. The French dismissed this as many a highlander was in fact fighting for the British army against the French all over the world during the seven years’ war. They still however expected to garner some support of the remaining Jacobite’s upon arrival provided that the requisite Chieftains palms were crossed with silver.
With Charles Edward still very much alive being supportive of the cause was still both seditious and treasonable. Jacobites would meet within societies with names designed to disguise their allegiancees, The "Farmers Society", the "Buck" Club. The Act of Proscription of 1746 was not repealed until 1782 and many a Highlander unable to meet the fines outlined in the act found himself in the British army and a few set to work on a Caribbean plantation. Indeed some Scots Jacobite were simply betrayed by their own clan chiefs. Money talked and the rebellious were betrayed by their own. English Jacobites were even more lowly regarded and their treatment was no more lenient, expelled from the realm for decades in many cases.
The wearing of highland dress was made illegal and the disarming of the clans was conducted with ruthless efficiency by the Duke of Cumberland assisted by the clan system itself. The search for weapons resulted in whole villages being raised to the ground. The romantic notion that this was conducted exclusively by an "English" army is a complete myth. The clans despised one another and an opportunity to see a rival thrown off their land, incarcerated or deprived of a roof could not be spurned if it resulted in a gain elsewhere.
Displays of allegiance to "the cause" required subtlety. This glass is engraved with three flowers that would not ordinarily merit scrutiny, unlike the more obvious "Stuart roses and buds" with which the reader will be familiar.
The flowers are forget-me-nots, and obvious reminder that had been used since the early 18th century on both glass and pottery. Lilly of the valley, symbolic of the return of happiness that will come with the restoration and of the "White Martyr" King Charles. The number of florets and their positioning is significant. It is a well know metaphor for the House of Stuart and the Jacobite succession. To the left the floret for James 11 and the princess over the water Louisa. To the right James Francis the Old Pretender, and his issue, respectively Charles Edward and Henry.
Finally a sunflower, which always "follow the light", another piece of widely used Jacobite imagery. The association between the sun and Kings having been established for millennia.
Establishing culpability for the wrongs of the past is very much in vogue. The destruction of the clan system is layed squarely at the door of the English by many their flawed logic based on yet another case of rewritten history. Why not blame the Catholic Church, the Hannoverians or the non unified disparate clan system itself. I blame the Romans myself, we were quite happy living in hovels and painting ourselves blue.
- Product Code: 20061413
- Availability: Sold