Ancient Greek Illyria, Apollonia, Silver Drachm, Cow and Calf, 229-100 BC

Denomination: Silver drachm

Period: Ancient Greek, classical period

Date: after 229 BC under Roman protection

Origin: Apollonia, type class ALc2b

Condition: Very fine

Obverse: Cow standing left looking back at suckling calf, NIKHN above (moneyers name)

Reverse: APOL AYTO BOY LOY (in Greek Town and then magistrates name AUTOBOULOS) around incurved square containing double stellate pattern

Size and Weight: 19mm, 3.24g

References: Spink 1878var

Features and Provenance: Ancient Illyria, approximates to present day Albania on the Balkan Peninsula. It is believed that there was a shared language between the 'homeland' inhabitants, and those who settled across the Adriatic on the shores of southern Italy. These iconic coins are specifically from the Apollonia and Dyrrhachium areas and although the patterns may all look similar, the direction of the cow, the wording and names all indicate when, where and who made them. The significance of the cow and suckling calf is unknown, but the stellate pattern on the reverse is believed to relate to the Dioscuri (Castor and Pollox, the heavenly twins in the constellation of Gemini).



Condition Summary. This varies with the age of coin and there are grades in between

Uncirculated (U). As struck with no traces of wear

Extremely Fine (EF). Very slight traces of wear, all parts of legend etc present, visible and clear

Very Fine (VF). Some signs of wear on the higher parts of the relief, all parts of legend etc present, but maybe worn

Fine (F). Wear on the coin and parts of legend etc may be missing or not visible






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  • Product Code: 21060305
  • Availability: 1
  • £110.00

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