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French 1 Denier, Carolingian, Charles the Simple (AD 879-929) Melle Mint c897

Denomination: 1 denier

Period: Carolingian dynasty

Date: c 897

Origin: Metallum (Melle) mint

Condition: Almost EF

Obverse: CARLVS REX R, small cross within a beaded circle (S is retrograde)

Reverse: MET A (annulet) LO in two lines

Size and Weight: 20mm, 0.96g

References: Depeyrot 629 for type

Features and Provenance: In 893, at the age of 14, Charles (later to be known by the epithet, the Simple) was crowned in opposition to Odo, but only took the throne in 898 on Odo's death. He was king of the part of France known as West Frankia and a member of the Carolingian dynasty. Discord was rife in the country with rebelling nobles and invaders aplenty. However, in 911 he managed to agree a peace treaty with the Viking invader Rollo, the great great great grandfather of William the conqueror, but only after he had besieged Paris and Chartres and handed over Rouen, thereby creating the Duchy of Normandy. Rollo also married his daughter Gisela.

The epithet, Charles le Simple is actually incorrect as it is a corruption of the Latin name Carolus Simplex, which means Charles the Straightforward, but in an age where nicknames abounded, a catchy one stuck and Charles the Simple he became. He died at the age of 50 in 929.

The two line type of coin was first produced decades before but these coins were reissued with the new reverse of MET/A LO instead of te original META/LLVM. 



Condition Summary. This varies with the age of coin and there are grades in between

Uncirculated (U). As struck with no traces of wear

Extremely Fine (EF). Very slight traces of wear, all parts of legend etc present, visible and clear

Very Fine (VF). Some signs of wear on the higher parts of the relief, all parts of legend etc present, but maybe worn

Fine (F). Wear on the coin and parts of legend etc may be missing or not visible






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  • Product Code: 21060302
  • Availability: 1
  • £160.00

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