Colonial USA George I ‘Woods Type’ Halfpenny 1723


Product Code:RNC064

Out of stock

Out of stock


Denomination: ‘Bath metal’ an alloy of 75% brass. 20% zinc and 5% silver. halfpenny

Period: Hanoverian rule in the Americas 

Date: 1723

Origin: Bristol foundry

Condition: Fine for type

Obverse: Bust of George right. GEORGIUS. DEI. GRATIA. REX

Reverse: Hibernia seated left. leaning on harp and holding branch. legend HIBERNIA 1723.

Size and Weight: 27mm. 6.77g

References: Spink 6601

Features and Provenance: This somewhat insignificant little coin belies its history. During the 17th century. the shortage of small denomination coins became acute. no more so than in Ireland. To alleviate this. private licenses were given to landowners and nobility to mint their own token coinage. In 1722 a patent to mint copper coins for Ireland and the American colonies was given to William Woods who had them produced at the Bristol foundry. Parliament was at odds with this and officials were instructed not to accept the coins. by 1724 Woods was forced to stop production and surrender his patent (in exchange for a £3.000 pension). The coins were recalled and shipped out for use in the Americas in the English Territories of the Eastern Seaboard. To put this into context. America was split between Britain. France and Spain at the time and it had only been a hundred years since the Pilgrim Fathers had landed on American soil.   



Condition Summary. This varies with the age of coin and there are grades between

Uncirculated (U). As struck with no traces of wear

Extremely Fine (EF). Very slight traces of wear. all parts of legend etc present. visible and clear

Very Fine (VF). Some signs of wear on the higher parts of the relief. all parts of legend etc present. but maybe worn

Fine (F). Wear on the coin and parts of legend etc may be missing or not visible






Additional information

Weight50 g


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