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Air Twist Stems

Antique Georgian air twist wine glasses are amongst the most widely appreciated of all antique wine glasses. They are the most widely recognised of all Georgian wine glasses. The air twist stem was an 18th century evolution from the air tears and twisted tears in earlier plain stem glasses and those with beaded knops. The glass excise act created an imperative to reduce the taxable weight of glasses and the resultant air twist ensued Air twists increased the brilliance of the stems via the introduction of most commonly six or more evenly spaced bubbles into the gather of glass via nails fixed into a wooden former and then drawing this into a stem.

Rolling the blowing iron and fixing the opposite end of the glass stem with pucellas fabricated the twist. Tooling marks on the stems of some glasses evidences this. I am advised that all glass blowers were taught to ply their trade right handed, hence all English twists rotate in the same direction.

The shape and size of the nails and pattern of nails on the former were changed with startling results. Tightly packed thin nails result in a cable, flat-sided nails the “mercury” twist. The variation in the patterns of air twist defies belief when one considers that these were all made by hand in the eighteenth century. To date we have had nine types of twist for sale !

All antique glass does have some jargon and Georgian glass is no exception.The multi series Georgian air twist glass, or MSAT, is widely accepted to have been the earliest form with up to twelve strands or air spiralling up a stem. To be strict in our nomenclature the MSAT is effectively a single series. Single spiral gauzes and four-ply spiral bands outside loose spiral threads and cables have the most incredible refractive properties where either the inside or outside twist is a mercury type. It is worth noting double series air twist stem are the rarer form, the opposite being true for opaque twist stems.

Other air twist glasses to watch out for are those with multiple knops which become progressively rarer as the number of knops increases and those with vermiform collars. If you are looking for just one fine Georgian drinking glass for a present of gift then air twist stems are a good choice.


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Air Twist Georgian Wine Glass with Vermicular Collar c1750

Air Twist Georgian Wine Glass with Vermicular Collar c1750

A very fine air twist stem Georgian wine glass with a vermicular collar from c1750 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of Georgian drinking glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£425.00

Double Knopped Composite Stem Georgian Wine Glass c1750

Double Knopped Composite Stem Georgian Wine Glass c1750

A stunning composite stem wine glass from c1750 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of antique wine glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£225.00

Georgian Composite Stem Wine Glass c1750

Georgian Composite Stem Wine Glass c1750

A very fine composite stem Georgian wine glass from c1750 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of Georgian drinking glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£275.00

Georgian Double Series Mercury Twist Wine Glass c1750

Georgian Double Series Mercury Twist Wine Glass c1750

Georgian mercury twist wine glass from c1750 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of Georgian drinking glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£280.00

Georgian Air Twist Wine Glass With Folded Foot c1745

Georgian Air Twist Wine Glass With Folded Foot c1745

A very fine Georgian air twist wine glass from c1745 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of Georgian drinking glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£240.00

Georgian Air Twist stem Wine Glass With Folded Foot c1745

Georgian Air Twist stem Wine Glass With Folded Foot c1745

A very fine air twist stem Georgian wine glass from c1745 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of Georgian drinking glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£230.00

Double Series Mercury Air Twist Wine Glass c1750

Double Series Mercury Air Twist Wine Glass c1750

A very fine double series air twist wine glass from c1750 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of Georgian drinking glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£210.00

Air Twist Stem Georgian Wine Glass c1750

Air Twist Stem Georgian Wine Glass c1750

A very fine Georgian wine glass from c1750 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of Georgian drinking glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£210.00

Pan Topped Mercury Air Twist Wine Glass c1750

Pan Topped Mercury Air Twist Wine Glass c1750

The restoration was undertaken at our request by Tiago Oliveira. The choices were to have the rim of the foot ground down and polished or to have the small chips filled with epoxy resin. We opted for the latter for two reasons. Firstly although the restor

£260.00

Multi Series Air Twist Wine Glass c1750

Multi Series Air Twist Wine Glass c1750

An air twist wine glass. One of many georgian wine glass types

£130.00

Composite Stem Georgian Wine Glass c1750

Composite Stem Georgian Wine Glass c1750

A very fine composite stem Georgian wine glass from c1750 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of Georgian drinking glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£650.00

Multi Series Air Twist Wine Glass c1750

Multi Series Air Twist Wine Glass c1750

A very fine multi series air twist wine glass from c1750 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of Georgian drinking glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£260.00

Georgian Double Series Mercury Twist Wine Glass c1750

Georgian Double Series Mercury Twist Wine Glass c1750

A very fine double series mercury twist Georgian wine glass from c1750 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of Georgian drinking glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£425.00

Petal Moulded Air Twist Georgian Wine Glass c1750

Petal Moulded Air Twist Georgian Wine Glass c1750

A very fine rib moulded air twist Georgian wine glass from c1750 in excellent condition. For more antique glassware, including a wide range of Georgian drinking glasses, please visit Scottish Antiques online store.

£190.00

Double Series Mercury Twist Wine Glass c1750

Double Series Mercury Twist Wine Glass c1750

Gergian wine glasses have multiple variants of twist stems, This is an air twist wine glass whereby the threads of air within the stem resemble quicksilver, mercuy

£370.00

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